Bond Market Perspectives | Week of February 16, 2015

posted 2/18/2015 in Investments


• Puerto Rico municipal bond price volatility picked up following the strike down of the restructuring law, as the market began to price in the prospect of a broader default.

• The impact on the broader municipal market is still limited, as has been the case for much of the past 18 months.

• Default risk for Puerto Rico remains but we still find the broader municipal bond market attractive.


Most individuals think of warm locations such as Puerto Rico as an escape from the snowy winter experienced in parts of the country, but the financial climate remains stormy in Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico bonds remain far from tranquil following a court ruling just over one week ago that struck down a restructuring law. The law would have opened the door for Puerto Rico's government to reduce its debt burden by restructuring government agency issued bonds, such as Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) and Puerto Rico Highway. This potential prepackaged default option appears unworkable.

Puerto Rico municipal bond price volatility picked up following the strike down of the restructuring law as the market began to price in the prospect of a broader default. Puerto Rico general obligation (GO) bond prices fell sharply with the 30-year bond yielding more than 10% for the first time ever according to Municipal Security Rulemaking Board (MSRB) trade reporting. On the other hand, bond prices of more depressed PREPA bonds bounced on the prospects of a more widely dispersed Puerto Rico bond "haircut." 


The impact on the broader municipal market is still limited, as has been the case for much of the past 18 months. Yields on Puerto Rico municipal bonds, which now represent roughly 29% of the broad municipal high-yield bond market, have increased slowly but surely in recent months, reflecting the risks. In contrast, the remainder of the high-yield municipal bond market has largely ignored Puerto Rico headlines and, until late January 2015, exhibited lower yields as the sector benefited from broad bond market strength and continued improvement in municipal issuer finances. Figure 1 illustrates the divergent path in yields.


State revenue continues to increase and bodes well for the financial well-being of many municipal bond issuers. The Rockefeller Institute of Government reported that state revenue increased 4.4% for the third quarter of 2014, an improvement over the slowdown witnessed during the first half of 2014. A preliminary reading on fourth quarter 2014 revenue shows further gains with state revenue up 6.4%. Although many high-yield bond issuers are dependent on the financial health of specific projects or revenue streams, growth in state and local government revenue has generally been a positive for municipal governments despite still rising expenses. The favorable financial backdrop is another reason why the number of municipal defaults continued to decline in 2014 [Figure 2].


 February weakness in both the high-quality and high-yield municipal bond market can largely be traced to the Treasury market. Treasury prices declined for six consecutive days in February, the longest stretch of declines since January 2013. The rarity of the event speaks to the strength of 2014, and an especially strong January 2015, which was likely to prompt some profit-taking. Additionally, an increase in new issuance saddled the municipal bond market with additional supply that added to Treasury-driven weakness. 


We still find municipal bonds among the more attractive options among high-quality bonds. Municipal-to-Treasury yield ratios still remain attractive relative to recent history [Figure 3]. Municipal bonds lagged Treasuries late in 2014 and again in early 2015, as is typically the case during periods of exceptional Treasury strength. We continue to expect a challenging environment for bonds across the board in 2015, but the more attractive valuations of municipal bonds may offer better opportunity despite very low yields.

The high and rising yields on Puerto Rico municipal bonds reflect a significant risk of default in coming months and years. The Puerto Rican government is still challenged to cut expenses and spark sufficient economic growth to service a large debt burden. The Puerto Rican Government Development Bank's Economic Activity Index is very closely correlated with economic growth and indicates that the pace of weakness has decelerated but has yet to show positive improvement [Figure 4]. The government still relies on accessing financial markets to repay near-term maturities, but without economic growth, repaying a large debt burden remains a question. Last year's large debt issuance had bought the island some time. However, if economic growth does not improve, or Puerto Rico is unable to access bond markets for much needed cash, a default among Puerto Rico issues remains a significant risk sooner rather than later.


The opinions voiced in this material are for general information only and are not intended to provide specific advice or recommendations for any individual. To determine which investment(s) may be appropriate for you, consult your financial advisor prior to investing. All performance reference is historical and is no guarantee of future results. All indexes are unmanaged and cannot be invested into directly.

The economic forecasts set forth in the presentation may not develop as predicted and there can be no guarantee that strategies promoted will be successful.

Because of their narrow focus, specialty sector investing, such as healthcare, financials, or by geographical region, will be subject to greater volatility than investing more broadly across many sectors and companies.

Bonds are subject to market and interest rate risk if sold prior to maturity. Bond values and yields will decline as interest rates rise, and bonds are subject to availability and change in price.

Government bonds and Treasury bills are guaranteed by the U.S. government as to the timely payment of principal and interest and, if held to maturity, offer a fixed rate of return and fixed principal value. However, the value of fund shares is not guaranteed and will fluctuate.

Investing in foreign fixed income securities involves special additional risks. These risks include, but are not limited to, currency risk, political risk, and risk associated with foreign market settlement. Investing in emerging markets may accentuate these risks.

High-yield/junk bonds are not investment-grade securities, involve substantial risks, and generally should be part of the diversified portfolio of sophisticated investors.

Municipal bonds are subject to availability, price, and to market and interest rate risk if sold prior to maturity. Bond values will decline as interest rate rise. Interest income may be subject to the alternative minimum tax. Federally tax-free but other state and local taxes may apply.

The Standard & Poor's 500 Index is a capitalization-weighted index of 500 stocks designed to measure performance of the broad domestic economy through changes in the aggregate market value of 500 stocks representing all major industries.

The Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index is a broad-based flagship benchmark that measures the investment-grade, U.S. dollar-denominated, fixed-rate taxable bond market. The index includes Treasuries, government-related and corporate securities, MBS (agency fixed-rate and hybrid ARM pass-throughs), ABS, and CMBS (agency and non-agency).

This research material has been prepared by LPL Financial.

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